کمیته ملی مبارزه با شکوفایی جلبکی مضر | Iranian National Harmful Algal Bloom Defense Committee

tsp112DivisionChromophyta
ClassBacillariophyceae
OrderBacillariales
SuborderBacillariineae
Family: Naviculaceae Kützing
Genus: Pleurosigma Smith
Scientific name: Pleurosigma naviculaceum de Brébisson

tsp112Species: naviculaceum

References:
Allen and Cupp, 1935: p. 156, Fig. 103; Hendey, 1964: p. 243; Simonsen,1974: p. 46.

Description:
Valves broadly lanceolate, with a slight sigmoid flexure toward the apices; apices acute; polar nodules very small. Raphe is moderately sigmoid, more so than the valve margin; valve surface striate, striae transverse, 18-20 in 10 µm, and oblique 16-18 in 10 µm. The oblique striae are more distant near the center than at the ends, but the terminal striae are at a more acute angle. Length of valve 80-100 µm, breadth 15-20 µm (Hendey, 1964).

Dimensions:
Cells length 70-85 µm; width 15-18 µm.

Distribution:
Mainly littoral species, but is frequently found in the plankton.

Sites of occurrence in RSA:
In Winter 2006 Cruise, this species was commonly observed at various sites (refer sites map),often in large numbers; maximum abundance (3.3*10^3 cells/l) was associated with the northwestern part of the inner RSA off Saudi Arabia (St. 23). It has been previously reported from the inner RSA (Simonsen, 1974).

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